Major Causes of Air Pollution And Easy Solutions to It
By TOI Editor August 11, 2022 Update on : August 11, 2022
Air pollution is the presence in or introduction into the air of a substance which has harmful or poisonous effects to the health of humans and other living beings, or cause damage to the climate or to materials. More elaborately, it is the contamination of the environment by any chemical, smoke, hazardous gases or any biological cause that modifies the natural characteristics of the atmosphere. Household combustion tools, vehicles, dust, factories, deforestation, wildfire, volcanoes and many other reasons are behind air pollution.
The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) identified six major types of air pollutants deemed especially harmful to human health. These are carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, ozone, particulate matter and lead. Air pollution damages crops, trees, animals, water bodies and human life. More specifically, air pollution causes respiratory diseases such as respiratory illness, lung damage, ozone (smog) effect, reduces the ability of blood to bring oxygen to the blood cells and tissues, liver and kidney, etc. Five major reasons behind air pollution and five easy solutions to get rid of the jeopardy are given here…
Five major reasons behind air pollution are here….
Burning of fossil fuel:
A fossil fuel is a hydrocarbon-containing material formed naturally in the earth’s crust from the remains of dead plants and animals that is extracted and burned as a fuel. The main fossil fuels are coal, crude oil and natural gas. These fossil fuels currently supply about 80 percent of the world’s energy. When fossil fuels are burned, they release a large amount of carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, into the air. Carbon, nitrogen, sulfate, as well as other oxides are emitted by fossil fuels. It increases heat in our atmosphere, causing global warming.
Waste in landfills:
Landfills can cause air pollution by emitting dust and gases such as methane, carbon dioxide, and so on. Landfills can produce very bad odors and gas. Ammonia, sulfides, methane, and carbon dioxide are produced of the gas. The gas can create smog if left uncontrolled.
Exhaust from factories, industries and vehicles:
Exhaust from factories and industries including chemicals, hydrocarbons, organic compounds, and carbon monoxide is released into the atmosphere reduces the quality of the air we breathe. Factories contaminate the air by exhausting gas, chemicals and smoke. The toxic gases that factories and industries release to the environment are very harmful. With the need of the time, the number of vehicles has increased abnormally globally. Vehicles exhaust carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides, particles, volatile organic compounds and sulfur dioxide.
Indoor air pollution:
Indoor air can be contaminated by unvented or poorly vented fuel-burning appliances such as fireplace, heater, wood or gas stove, water heater and dryer. Tobacco products, building materials and furnishings, household cleaning and maintenance products, dust, dirt, volatile organic compounds, excessive moisture, pesticides and some other issues are often blamed for indoor air pollution.
Natural air pollution:
Sulfur and chlorine gases from volcanic activity, smoke and ash from wildfires, dust storms, and biological decay are common sources of air pollution. Wildfires release large quantities of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and fine particulate matter into the atmosphere. It puts a negative impact to the environment by polluting air.
Five easy solutions to air pollution are here….
Planting more and more trees can help save the earth from air pollution and climate change. Trees inhale carbon dioxide and exhale oxygen. It is the exact opposite of the human being. You can breathe well if you plant more trees. Trees help us from excessive heat and other natural calamities. The most fruitful solution to air pollution is saving and planting more trees.
Walk, use bicycle and public transports:
We can live in a less pollutant world by minimizing the use of vehicles. Walking is good for health and it puts zero contribution to the air pollution. You can try riding bicycle rather using motor vehicles. Using public transports can be a remedy of air pollution as many people can get in a bus where a private car can only transport three to four persons.
People can keep the world more livable by saving energy. The excessive use of energy will put a negative impact to the environment. It means the demand of the fossil fuel will be minimized if people save energy. So, the less amount of carbon dioxide will be emitted in the air. Purchase energy efficient products and equipment to save energy and keep the pollution level lower.
Recycle and purchase recycled products:
Using recycled products can be an easy solution to air pollution. If you recycle things fewer products will be needed in your daily life. That means fewer products will need to be manufactured at factories. The factory emission will be less then. In this way the air pollution will minimized.
You might be upset after hearing that smoking leads to the most common cause of indoor air pollution. Smoking a cigar not only puts your life in danger but it also affects others around you. Cigarette smoke contains many substances and toxins that remain in the indoor air for a long time. Some of the health hazardous compounds found in smoke include lead, arsenic, ammonia, carbon monoxide and nitrogen dioxide. So, quit smoking as soon as possible.
We need to be very careful about air pollution for a better tomorrow. Social awareness is also very important to minimize the level of air pollution. Let us breathe a fresh air in this beautiful world.
Know also about how to recycle plastic bottles easily?